The most common type of brain tumor is the glioma tumor, accounting for about one-third of all brain tumors. Glioma tumors begin in the glial cells, which include the ependymal, oligodendrocytes and astrocytes cells. There are various types of glioma tumors and grades that relate to the aggressiveness of the tumor. Dr. Sina Rajamand and our team at Battle Born Brain and Spine offer superior medical diagnosis and treatment for patients with glioma tumors at our facility in the Reno and Carson City, NV area.
Types of Glioma Tumors
There are multiple types of glioma tumors and varying grades of each of these tumors. Glioma tumors are called intra-axial tumors, meaning they grow in the substance of the brain but also combine with normal brain tissue. Some of the types of glioma tumors include:
- Brain stem gliomas
- Mixed gliomas
- Optic pathway gliomas
Grades of glioma tumors range from low-grade I and II (less aggressive) to high-grade III and IV (more aggressive). The cause of glioma tumors is not known. They can affect any person at any age, but adults are more likely to develop these types of tumors. Not all glioma tumors are malignant, but glioblastomas and most high-grade gliomas are considered cancerous.
Symptoms of Glioma Tumors
The symptoms of glioma tumors are caused by the mass putting pressure on the brain or spinal cord. The type of symptoms and severity depend on where the tumor is located, the type of tumor and the size or maturity. Some of the common glioma tumor symptoms include:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Changes in behavior or personality
- Numbness or weakness in arms, face or legs
- Speech difficulties
- Blurred vision or vision loss
- Changes in cognitive abilities
The symptoms of glioma tumors may begin very slowly or there may be no apparent symptoms. It is possible for a person to live for years with a glioma tumor and be unaware that it exists until it is found through medical exams for other concerns. Diagnosis is completed through a comprehensive neurological exam, brain scans (MRI or CT scans) and possibly a biopsy.
There is not a cure for glioma tumors but there are many treatment options. Depending on the type, grade and symptoms, Dr. Rajamand will recommend the least invasive and most effective options for removing or shrinking the glioma. Possible treatments involve surgery, chemotherapy, radiation and ongoing observation.
If you have symptoms of a glioma tumor or have already been diagnosed, Battle Born Brain and Spine is your source for optimum neurological medical care in the Reno area. Contact our office to schedule a consultation with Dr. Rajamand to discuss your treatment options.