Back pain is a common ailment that affects millions of people worldwide. There are numerous causes of back pain, including compression fractures. Compression fractures occur when the bones in the back weaken and collapse. This can happen due to osteoporosis, trauma or other medical conditions. Dr. Sina Rajamand and his team at Battle Born Brain and Spine in Reno can diagnose and treat compression fractures to relieve ongoing back pain. Let’s explore the causes, symptoms and treatments for compression fractures.
Causes of Compression Fractures
The most common cause of compression fractures is osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition that weakens the bones, making them more susceptible to fractures. This condition is prevalent in older adults, particularly women. Trauma, such as a fall or car accident, can also cause compression fractures. In some cases, medical conditions such as cancer or multiple myeloma can also lead to compression fractures.
Symptoms of Compression Fractures
The most common symptom of compression fractures is back pain. This pain can range from mild to severe and can last for weeks or months. Other symptoms include loss of height, deformity of the spine, and difficulty standing or walking. In extreme cases, compression fractures can lead to nerve damage and paralysis.
Diagnosis of Compression Fractures
Dr. Rajamand will perform a physical exam to diagnose compression fractures and ask about your symptoms. He may also order imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans or MRI scans to get a better look at your spine. A bone density test may also be ordered to check for osteoporosis.
Treatment of Compression Fractures
Treatment for compression fractures depends on the severity of the fracture and the underlying cause. In mild cases, rest and pain medication may be all that is needed. In more severe cases, a back brace may be necessary to immobilize the spine and allow the fracture to heal. Physical therapy may also be recommended to strengthen the muscles around the spine and improve flexibility.
In cases of osteoporosis, medications may be prescribed to slow down bone loss and prevent further fractures. In some cases, Dr. Rajamand may recommend minimally invasive spine surgery to stabilize the spine and prevent further damage.
Prevention of Compression Fractures
The best way to prevent compression fractures is to maintain strong, healthy bones. This can be achieved through regular exercise, a healthy diet rich in calcium and vitamin D and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption. If you are at risk for osteoporosis, Dr. Rajamand or your primary care physician may recommend medication to prevent bone loss.
Compression fractures commonly cause back pain in Reno, particularly in older adults. If you are experiencing back pain, seeing a specialist like Dr. Rajamand for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan is essential. You can manage your back pain and maintain a healthy spine with appropriate treatment and prevention. If treatment is warranted, Dr. Rajamand and his team at Battle Born Brain and Spine can recommend a combination of therapies to help you regain a pain-free quality of life.